Drawing Your bedroom in One-Point Perspective

Summary

In this lesson we will be drawing our bedrooms in one-point perspective. This is a fun and educational way to learn how to use perspective. Perspective is a fundamental principle in art and is applied to many types of artwork including paintings, product design, architecture and more.

What you need

  • Sketchpad
  • pencil
  • eraser
  • permenent markers
  • gouache paint.
    A girl and her bedroom

    A girl and her bedroom

    What you do

    1. Begin by lightly drawing a horizon line across the middle of your page .
    2. Mark a vanishing point with an 'X' on the center of the line. 
    3. Indicate the back wall of your room by drawing a square.  
    4. Draw lines coming out of your vanishing point and align them to the corners of your square.
    5. Add furniture to your room such as a bed, desk, lamp, dresser etc... Use your vanishing point to get the perspective right.
    6. Remember to sketch your construction lines lightly and later darken the lines of your objects.
    7. Once you have finished drawing of your room, trace over your lines with a black marker.  
    8. After finishingyour outlines, paint your room with gouache paint. 
    9. On a separate sheet of paper, draw and paint a self-portrait. 
    10. Cut and paste the picture your self-portrait in your room.   
    One- point perspective termanology

    One- point perspective termanology

    Terminology

    • horizon line
    • vanishing point
    • eye level
    • guideline
    • cube
    • cylinder
    • sphere
    • ellipse
    • vertical line and horizontal line

    Drawing a Cylinder and Cylindrical Objects

    A cylinder is another fundamental shape in art. Some cylindrical shaped objects include a cup, can, bottle, pencil, and more. We will be drawing a cylinder using our imagination and through observation.  *We will continue drawing on an easel for this lesson.  

    When drawing a cylinder, a cube is often drawn first and the cylinder is drawn encased inside of the cube. The cube is used as a guide to help you construct the cylinder more effectively.  

    Process

    1. First start by drawing wire frame of a cube. Make it semi-transparent so that you can see the inside structure of it. 
    2. Draw a line up the center of the cube.
    3. Draw perpendicular lines on two of opposing sides where the ellipses will be. 
    4. Draw an ellipse on the two opposing ends of the cube. Use the perpendicular guidelines (crosses) to ensure the ellipses are symmetrical on each side. *Note that the bottom ellipse and the top ellipse are viewed at different angles so the bottom ellipse should be vertically wider.  
    5. Draw a line connecting the edges of each opposing ellipses.
    6. Draw a cylindrical shaped object such as a cup, bottle or bowl. 

    CD Art Deco

    Summary

    Do you have an old stack of old CDs at home that you don't need? We can turn them into beautiful works of art that can be hung up on walls. It takes only a few simple steps to make and also helps to reduce waste.

    What you need

    • Old CD's (feel free to bring any old CD's along)
    • Deco Art Pens
    • black permeant markers

    CD Theme Ideas

    • plants
    • animals
    • cars
    • dinosaurs
    • bugs
    • flowers
    • marine life
    • machines
    • alphabet
    • clothing
    • seasons
    • weather
    • time
    • fast food
    • garden
    • fruits and vegetables
    IMG_4496.jpg

    What you do

    1. Choose a theme for your design and draw your idea in a sketchbook.
    2. Transfer your idea onto the back of a CD using a black permanent marker.
    3. Paint inside the black lines with Deco Art pens. 
    4. Go back and refine your designs.
    5. Repeat the steps to design another CD.   
    6. Once you have finished your second CD, glue them together. 

    Painting Flowers

    Summary

    The subject for this week is on painting flowers. This week we are painting flowers. The objective of this lesson is on how to use light and shadow to create a sense of three-dimensional form.

    Artist Materials

    • gouache paint
    • pencil & eraser
    • sketchbook

    Process

    1. Sketch different flower designs from your imagination. Be courageous with your designs!
    2. Paint your designs with flat colours. 
    3. Add shadows to your flowers with darker tones. 
    4. You may also add highlights by using white.
    Painting Flowers Step by Step Process

    Painting Flowers Step by Step Process

    Some common flowers varieties 

    Some common flowers varieties 

    Cross-Contour Line Drawing - Hands

    Summary

    This week we are making cross-contour line drawings. This exercises strengthens your observational skills and makes your drawings appear more three-dimensional. 

    What you need

    • sketch pad
    • pencil
    • markers and crayons
    • Subject matter: fruits or other objects
    By Richard & Aara Lee

    By Richard & Aara Lee

    Part One - Hands, Flat Horizontal Contours

    1. Trace both your hands onto paper with a pencil. 
    2. Select several colours you want to draw contour lines with.
    3. Start with the darkest colour, drawing the lines horizontally, about 5cm apart, drawing over the contours of your hands. 
    4. Add more contour lines with other colours you have selected, from darkest to lightest.  
    5. Continue drawing lines until you are please with the results.
    6. Lightly colour the background and foreground.  *cool colours appear to recede into the background and warm colours seem to advance
    Draw with cross contour lines.png

    Part Two - Hands, Fruits or Objects, Full Contour

    1. Choose a fruit or another simple object like a pencil, fruit, scissors or book. 
    2. Make a line drawing of the object. Do not include any shading.  
    3. Select several colours you want to draw contour lines with.
    4. Choose your darkest colour and draw the lines, fully rapping around the object horizontally. 
    5. Add more contour lines with other colours, from darkest to lightest. 
    6. Lightly colour the background and foreground if you see it fitting. 

    One-Point Perspective

    Summary

    Perspective is a fundamental principle in art and is applied to many kinds of artwork. In this lesson we will learn how to draw a room interior in one-point perspective. Before drawing our rooms, we will review some basic drawing principles and terminology.

    Terminology

    • horizon line
    • vanishing point
    • eye level
    • guideline
    • cube
    • cylinder
    • sphere
    • ellipse
    • vertical line and horizontal line

    What you need

    • Sketchpad
    • pencil
    • eraser
      Room interior drawing in one-point perspective by Richard Lee

      Room interior drawing in one-point perspective by Richard Lee

      What you do

      1. We will first review some basic terms for perspective drawing: horizon line, vanishing point, eye level, guideline, cube, cylinder, sphere, ellipse, ground, sky, vertical line and horizontal line.
      2. Draw a cube in one-point perspective, then draw the same cube in different distances. ie near, far and floating. *Remember to sketch your construction lines lightly and later darken the lines of your object.
      3. Try drawing other basic shapes in perspective such as cylinders and spheres. 
      4. After you have mastered drawing these forms, try drawing more complex objects such as a car, chair or cup.
      5. Last, draw your room interior.  You may draw a room from your imagination or use photo reference. You may also draw our studio classroom. 
      Drawing in one point perspective overview

      Drawing in one point perspective overview

      Painting Fruit

      Summary

      In this lesson we will be learning how to paint realistically. Fruits will be our subject matter for its simple shapes and bright colours. This exercise is meant to help you get familiar with painting. We will practice painting with gouache (also known as postercolours). 

      There are probably an infinite numbers of painting techniques but artists generally use two main types. The transparent glaze approach, where you start with lighter colors and layer darker ones on top. There is also the opaque method, where you paint thick opaque layers of paint on top of one another. I like to use a combination of both. The method you use depends on the kind of look you want to achieve and the type of paint you are using. *Don't try to copy exactly what you see, make it look better instead.

      How well you can paint is influenced by your drawing ability and age. And as with any skill, it takes an intrinsic desire and commitment to become skilled at it.

      Materials

      • gouache paint
      • sketchbook
      • pencil & eraser
      • tissue
      • various fruits as a subject matter
      Painting a bell pepper

      Painting a bell pepper

      1. Sketching: Selected a fruit and lightly sketched it with a 4B pencil.  
      2. Underpainting: Apply a gouache underpainting with a thick round brush. The colors are flat and there’s hardly any detail or shading.
      3. Painting shadows: Paint the shadows on the fruit. 
      4. Highlights and Detailing With Brushes: With a thin brush, add details such as highlights and some lighter accents. 
      5. Critiquing: Afterwards, critique your work. Taking a short break to view your painting with fresh eyes, can help you better see areas that needs improvement.  As a rule, don't try to copy exactly what you see - make it look better.

      Painting Fruits - Still Life

      Inking: Wild Patterns Illustrations

      PART 1: Inking Patterns

      Summary 

      Learn how to ink patterns with fine tip pens. There are an endless number of inking techniques, we will practice a few of them in this lesson. Inking is frequently used in illustrations for newspapers and comic books for it's visual contrast and reproduction qualities.

      What you need:

      • pattern inking exercise
      • 0.50 Fine-tech pens
      • black fine tip brush markers
      static1.squarespace.jpg

      What you do:

      1. Look at the ink patterns in the exercise. Think about the patterns were drawn and try to reproduce the patterns.
      2. After you are finished inking the patterns, make your own unique patterns designs. 

      Inking Patterns


      Part 2: Wild Patterns Illustration

      Summary 

      Continuing from the 'Inking Patterns' exercise. We will make ink illustrations utilizing the patterns we drew in the previous lesson.  

      What you need: 

      • Inking Patterns (previous lesson)
      • Pencil
      • paper
      • 0.25 or 0.50 Fine-tech pens and black felt tip brush markers

      What you do:

      1. Beginners: Choose a preexisting template drawing to ink your patterns with.  Advanced: Sketch some designs that you want use for your illustration. It can be an animal, your initials or plants. View some preexisting templates examples to get inspired. The designs must consist of clear simple shapes so that you can ink patterns inside of them.  
      2. Outline the design with a ink pen.
      3. Using you're 'Ink Patterns' as a reference, fill in each shape of your drawing with a different pattern. First draw them with a pencil and trace the outlines with pens.

       

      Wild Pattern Illustration

      Initial Logo Design

      Summary

      Design a personal logo with the initials of your name. Develop the step-by-step process of conceptualizing your ideas. Your design should symbolize aspects of your personality — It should represent you. 

      What is a Logo?

      A logo is a symbol that represents or stands for something. A logo visually communicates information quickly and effectively. We can all recognize the symbols of famous brands (and symbols), with just a quick glance.

      Discussion Questions

      1. What are symbols? How long have they existed?
      2. What types of symbols exist today? Why are they so important?
      3. How do symbols represent other ideas or concepts?
      4. What is the difference between a symbol and a logo?
      5. What is branding and who uses it?
      6. What do you feel when you see the logo of your favorite brand?

      What you need

      • pencils
      • sketch pad
      • markers
      • poster colours (gouache paint)

      What you do

      1. Draw several thumbnail sketches of your logo design. Your ideas can reflect your interests, values, personality, dreams, hobbies etc.
      2. Choose 3 ideas that you like the most and develop them further. 
      3. Progress to colouring your sketch designs with markers. Remember to also choose the colours that represent you best.  
      4. Show your designs to other classmates for feedback. Explain the reason for your designs.  
      5. Choose the idea that you like most and make a large pencil line drawing of it on a large piece of quality paper. Refined your logo design.  
      6. Outline the pencil lines with a black permanent marker.
      7. Paint your designs with poster colours.

      VIDEO Initial Logo Design

      Environment: Sculpt an Endangered Animal That You Care About

      Summary

      Continuing from the endangered animals poster lesson, we will make a sculpture of our favorite endangered animal. In this two part lesson, we will first sculpt paper clay animals and in the second class, we will paint them.   

      What you need:

      • Paper clay 
      • chiseling tools 
      • thick water-based paint (gouache)
      • paintbrushes 
      • water containers
      • some newspapers
      • Additional Materials: paper cups, paper towels

       

       

      Part 1

      1. Referring back to the previous lesson, talk about some animals that are endangered. Why are they endangered of becoming extinct?  ie. elephant, panda, jaguar, chimpanzee, killer whale, sea turtles, vulture, parrot, penguin, hippopotamus, dolphin, penguin, giraffe, leopard, jaguar, rhinoceros.
      2. Make sketches of the animal you want to sculpt. 
      3. Take some paper clay and get familiar with it clay by sculpting some basic three-dimensional shapes such as a sphere, cube, cylinder and cone. Try attaching the shapes together with water and sculpting tools.  
      4. Sculpt your animal. Use various sculpting tools make the details of your animal. 

      Part 2

      1. We will review colour theory and how to mix primary colours to produce secondary colours.  
      2. Refer back to your animal sketches, select and mix the colours that you will need to paint your animal. 
      3. Paint your animals. Start with the lighter colours first and darker colours last.   
      4. Use a small brush for detail work and look for any area that needs touching up.  

      Shapes and Colour Theory — Watercolours

      Overview

      We will learn about primary colours and how to mix them to produce secondary colours, using watercolour paint.  Basic shapes will also be reviewed.

      Did you know

      The 3 primary  colours RED (magenta), BLUE (cyan)  and YELLOW can be mixed to produce the entire spectrum of colours on the colour wheel.

      Materials

      • watercolour paper
      • watercolour paint
      • paintbrush set
      • permanent black markers
      • pencils

      Process

      1. You will be introduced to the primary colours RED, YELLOW and BLUE.  We will use them to produce secondary colours: orange green and purple.  
      2. We will review a variety of different shapes: circle, square, triangle, oval, rectangle, star, octagon & pentagon.
      3. We will draw some basic shapes in our sketchpad for a colour-mixing painting exercise. After sketching our layout, we will outline the drawing with a permanent black marker.
      4.  With a painting palette of 3 primary colours: red, blue and yellow, we will mix 2 of the primary colours to produce secondary colours: orange, green and purple.  
      5. Make a 10 step colour gradiation from 100% intensity to 0%. 

      Typography: Word Expression

      Summary

      In this lesson we will choose a word and design a visual representation of it's meaning. You can express the meaning of a word by choosing a suitable font, playing with the arrangement of the letters and manipulating the typeface. 

      Understanding typography design can help you design covers for school reports, design a personal website or create a personal logo. The applications are far-reaching. 

      What is Typography?

      Typography is the art of making written text visually appealing, expressive and legible. Typography design involves choosing appropriate fonts and modifying text sizes, colours, letter spacing and layout.

      What you need

      • pencils
      • sketch pad
      • markers or pencil crayons
      Examples of various word expression designs.

      Examples of various word expression designs.

      Use colour to enhance the visual meaning of the word.  

      Use colour to enhance the visual meaning of the word.  

      List of words to choose from

      fire, water, angry, sad, cold, hungry, mad, happy, sick, strong, thin, hard, soft, ugly, pretty, soft, light, thing, heavy, old, free,  etc.. You may also use other words that are not on the list.  

      What you do

      1. Select a word that you would like to design.
      2. Draw several thumbnail sketches of your word design. Play around with the font style, thickness of the lines and the arrangement of the letters.
      3. Choose ideas that you like the most and develop them further. Ask for feedback from your classmates.
      4. Colour your designs. Choose colours that best conveys the meaning of your word.
      5. Once you are finished, explain your design.
      6. Next, design your name in a way that it represents you.

      Understanding Light and Shadow

      Description

      This lesson will help you gain an understanding of light and shadow by closely observing and drawing basic shapes under various lighting conditions. 

      Terminology

      • center light - the exact point where light hits an object, perpendicular to it's surface
      • highlight - the part of an object that is hit with light, not quite perpendicularly
      • halftone - the part of an object that is exposed to a light source but even less directly
      • terminator - the dividing line between the light and dark part of a spherical object
      • core of shadow - the part of an object that is not in contact with direct light
      • reflected light - light that is bounced off of objects and reflects onto other objects
      • occlusion shadow -  the part of the shadow that is almost completely blocked from light
      • cast shadow - dark area, usually on a flat plane, where light from a light source is blocked by an object
      • light source - things or devices that produces natural and artificial light
      • composition - the placement or arrangement of visual elements in a work of art

      Materials

      • pencil & eraser
      • sketchpad
      • still life setup 

      Process

      1. We will review some terms related to light and shadow.
      2. I will give you a technical explanation on how light and shadow functions.  
      3. After that,  I will demonstrate how light and shadow actually functions in reality by using a spot light and some basic shapes.  
      4. Later we will observe and draw a still life under different lighting conditions. The subject matter includes a sphere, cylinder, cube and a 3D hexagon.

      Environmental Poster: Endangered Species

      Summary

      Help raise awareness of about endangered animals and our environment by illustrating a poster about animal species that are at risk of becoming extinct. Draw and label different endangered animals in your poster. Focus on an animal that you care about. 

      List of endangered animals

      • elephant
      • panda
      • jaguar
      • chimpanzee
      • killer whale
      • sea turtles
      • vulture
      • parrot
      • penguin
      • hippopotamus
      • dolphin
      • penguin
      • giraffe
      • leopard
      • jaguar
      • rhinoceros

       

      What you need

      • sketch pad
      • permanent pens
      • pencil & eraser
      • pastels
      • crayons

      What you do

      1. As a class, make  a list of various endangered animals. Why do you think they are going extinct?
      2. Draw a several rough thumbnail sketch of your poster idea. Go a little nuts and get creative with your ideas.  
      3. Transfer your idea on large illustration paper. Plan your layout carefully.  
      4. Clean up your pencil lines with an eraser and trace over them with a permanent black marker. 
      5. Colour your illustration with a medium of your choice.  

      Fruit: Cross Contour Line Drawing

      Summary

      The purpose of cross contour line drawing is to give you a better understanding of three-dimensional form. It trains you to closely observe the surface area of an object so that you can make your drawings appear more vivid.  

      What you need

      • pencil & eraser
      • sketchpad 
      • coloured paper
      • subject matter (whole fruits and vegetables)

      What you do

      1. For this exercise our subject will be whole fruits and vegetables. Choose one and make an outline drawing of it. Look intently it to capture it's shape and form.
      2. Draw contour lines in a horizontal or vertical direction over your subject. Closely observe the surface area to capture it's subtle curvatures.
      3. Now draw contour lines in a perpendicular direction to the first set of contour lines that you have drawn. The intersecting lines should form squares on the surface area of the object.  It should resemble a computer generated wireframe model.
      4. Look over your drawing to see if you have accurately captured the shape of your object. 
      5. Draw another contour line drawing with a different fruit. 

      Kids Anatomy

      Summary

      In this lesson we will study about the human anatomy by drawing our own body and labeling some key body parts. 

      In most artwork, whether it is a children's book, fashion, architecture, industrial design, fine art or even an instructional manual, the subject matter often involves people. Many of us will encounter a situation when we will have to draw people (or stickmen at the very least) to help us illustrate a point. It is very useful to have some knowledge on how to draw the human figure.

      What you need

      • materials sketchpad
      • pencils
      • permanent markers
      • pastels
      • crayons

      Basic Body Parts

      • Head: hair, eye, nose, mouth, teeth, ears, chin
      • Torso: neck, chest, stomach, hips
      • Arm: shoulder, elbow, wrist, hand, fingers
      • Leg: knee, ankle, foot, toes

      What you do

      1. Starting with your head, draw and label your facial features such as your eyes, nose, chin etc. 
      2. Proceed to drawing your torso and branch out to your limbs. Label all the basic body parts.
      3. Refine your pencil lines and then trace over them with a permanent marker. Pay attention to the details.  
      4. Color your drawing with pastels and crayons. You may also use markers and pens for finer detail work.

       

      Envornmental Poster: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle

      Summary

      This week, we will be illustrating an environmental posters about recycling. It will be titled: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle. Your ideas can be original and creative as long as it communicates a message to reduce waste. 

      What you need

      • large sketchpad
      • pencils, eraser and permenent markers
      • pastel, markers and crayons

      Brainstorming Questions

      1. What are some different recycling categories? ie. plastic, paper, vinyl, glass, cans, food waste, etc.
      2. Name some household products at your home that can be recycled? ie. milk cartons, paper, food wrappers, plastic bags, yogurt bottle, etc.
      3. How can our environment benefit from recycling waste?

      What you do

      1. Design several 2-4 thumbnail sketches of your poster. Be creative and original with your concept. 
      2. Choose the idea you like most and refine it. Include titles, words and phrases. Roughly colour your sketch.
      3. Transfer you idea onto a large sketch pad in pencil.  
      4. Outline your pencil lines with a black permanent marker. 
      5. Colour your final artwork with pastels and crayons.  

      Designing and Constructing a Mask

      Summary

      In this lesson, you will design and construct your own masks. This activity will stretch you. It takes a lot of planning to design and construct a mask. Get ready for a fun and rewarding challenge!

      What you need

      • sketchbook and pencil
      • construction paper
      • markers, crayons
      • scissors, knife
      • glue gun, glue stick
      • cutting mat
      IMG_9330.JPG

      What you do

      1. First you will decide on a mask to make from several themes. 
      2. Draw and colour several quick sketches to visualize what your mask will look like.
      3. Design and plan the different components of your mask with construction paper.  
      4. Start cutting and gluing the pieces together.
      5. Add smaller details with markers.  

      Mask Themes 

      • Animal theme: Lion, Tiger, Bear, Zebra, Rhino, Dinosaur. 
      • Halloween theme: Vampire, Mummy, Bat, Frankenstein, Ferry. 
      • Superhero theme: Spider-Man, Hulk, Iron-Man, Batman, Captain America. etc.