Drawing Farm Animals on toned Paper

In this lesson we will draw farm animals on toned and colored paper. This drawing technique requires you to draw shadows with dark colours and make highlights with lighter ones. Drawing on toned paper has an effect of creating depth in your drawings and enhancing the mood.

Discussion Brainstorm

  1. Have you’ve visited a farm before? What did you do there? 
  2. What types animals did you see there? What kind of noises do they make? 
  3. Have you've eaten any of the animals before?
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Materials

Toned or Colored Paper

Pencil and Eraser

Colored Pencils

Reference

What you do

  1. Select a farm animal you want to draw and lightly sketch it onto toned paper with a pencil.
  2. Shade in details and shadows with a black colored pencil. 
  3. Add highlights with a white colored pencil. *Adding white has an effect of making your drawings look as if it were popping off of the paper. 
  4. Choose another animal and repeat the process on colored paper. The paper colour you select should compliment the animal you're going to draw. For example, choose yellow paper for a yellow chick or grey paper for a grey mouse.  

Crocodile on Green Paper

Cross-Contour Line Drawing

This week we are making cross-contour line drawings. This exercises strengthens an your observational skills, making drawings appear more three-dimensional.  

We will be using several different subjects for our cross contour drawings which include our hands, fruits or an object.  

What you need

  • sketch pad
  • pencil
  • markers and crayons
  • pencil crayons
  • Subject matter: fruits or other objects

Discussion Warmup

  1. What is a cross-contour line drawing? 
  2. Warm colors advance and cool colors recede. What colours do you think are warm? What colors are cool?
 Contour line drawing for young children

Contour line drawing for young children

Basic - Hands 

  1. Trace both your hands onto paper with a pencil. 
  2. Select several colours you want to draw contour lines with.
  3. Start with the darkest colour first, drawing the lines horizontally, about 5cm apart, drawing over the contours of your hands. 
  4. Add more contour lines with other colours you have selected, from darkest to lightest.  
  5. Continue drawing lines until you are pleased with the results.
  6. Lightly colour the background and foreground.  *cool colours appear to recede into the background and warm colours advance
 More advanced contour line drawings

More advanced contour line drawings

Advanced - Objects or Fruits

  1. Choose a simple object like a fruit, pencil, scissors or book. 
  2. Make a line drawing of the object.  Review your drawing to see if you have accurately drew your object. 
  3. Draw contour lines across your subject. Observe the surface area closely to capture it's subtle curvatures.
  4. Select colours you want to draw contour lines with and add more contour lines, from darkest to lightest colours. 
  5. Lightly shade the background and foreground. 
 Intersecting contour line drawing of objects

Intersecting contour line drawing of objects

Sculpting fast food with iClay

In this lesson we will sculpt fast food with iClay. First we will discuss and list some popular fast food items. Later we will sculpt miniatures using  sculpting clay and various tools. 

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Discussion Questions:

  1. Do you know what fast food is?
  2. What are some popular fast food restaurants?
  3. Name some popular fast foods?
  4. What is your favorite fast food?  What is your least favorite?
  5. What foods are sweet? Salty? Bitter? Greasy? 
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List of Fast Food

tacos, noodles, pizza, hamburger, french fries, fried chicken, ice cream, soda, coffee, donut, sandwich, spaghetti, hotdog

Drawing Insects - Colored Pencils

In this lesson we will be drawing insects using colored pencils. Illustrating insects accurately requires accuracy and fine details, therefore we will colour our insects with pencil crayons. We will start off by sketching the insect in pencil and then color them with colored pencils. 

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List of insects: beetle, bee, butterfly, ant, mosquito, ladybird, butterflies and moths, fly, termites, flea, cricket, mantis, dragonfly, grasshopper, earwig, caterpillar, worm, spider, dragonfly, cricket

*Coloring Tips

  • Observe your subject closely to include any hint of colours you can find, no matter how small. The more colours you include, the more interesting it will make the painting look. 
  • When coloring, start with the warmer and lighter colours first. It is easier to correct and colour over them. Warm colours include red, yellow and orange. Cooler colors are blue, purple and green.

Marvel Characters

Have you've seen The Avengers: Infinity War movie? Did you know the characters in the film such as Iron man, Spider-man, Hulk and Thor are from the Marvel universe and that all the stories and characters were originally conceived as a comic book? 

In this lesson we will draw different Marvel characters. "The Marvel" way of drawing comics involves 3 steps: penciling, inking and coloring. We will talk about the different characters and their attributes and draw them in the style of John Byrne, who is considered one of the greats in American comics. 

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Characters in Avengers

Iron Man

Hulk 

Black Widow 

Loki

Thor

Hawkeye

Star-Lord

Scarlet Witch

Dr. Strange

Vision

Thanos

Black Panther

The Collector 

Spider-Man

Black Panther 

Ant-Man 

Discussion Questions

  1. Have you've seen the movie The Avengers?
  2. Who is your favorite Marvel character? 
  3. Why is he/she your favorite? What superpowers do they possess?
  4. What superpower would you like to posses?

Materials: pencil, eraser, sketchpad, permanent black marker and colour markers
 

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Flip Book

Summary

Learn about a fundamental principles of animation by making a flip book. A flip book creates the illusion of motion with sequences of drawings that are slightly differ from one another. Cartoons, film and computer animation apply all the same fundamental principles that are in a flip book. 

What You Need

  • Small notepad
  • markers
  • pencil
  • eraser

What you Do

  1. Animate a ball. If you are new to animation, start by animating a ball moving around the page.
  2. Envision a subject and plot. Imagine a character that you want to animate. Your character should be something easy to draw such as a stick figure or a simple cartoon.
  3. Draw your subject on the bottom sheet of paper. Use a pencil so that you can fix mistakes easily.
  4. Trace your subject in a slightly different position from the drawing underneath. Repeat this process on each page to animate your characters. Just draw and allow your characters to come act on their own.
  5. Test your flip book. Flip your pages to see if you can make any improvements.
  6. Colour. Colour your characters and add backgrounds and add other elements to the story. 

Vincent Van Gogh - Oil Pastels

In this lesson, we will learn about impressionistic painting. Van Gogh was a post-impressionist painter whose work, notable for its beauty, emotion and color, highly influenced 20th-century art. We will reference some of his famous paintings and use oil pastels to imitate his technique.

 The Starry Night by Vincent van Gogh

The Starry Night by Vincent van Gogh

 A collection of Vincent van Gogh's paintings

A collection of Vincent van Gogh's paintings

DID YOU KNOW Van Gogh was poor and virtually unknown throughout his life. He died at age 37 however his mother lived long enough to see her son hailed as an artist and a genius. He is considered the greatest Dutch painter after Rembrandt.

 

Animation Characters

In this lesson we will draw and paint animation characters. It can be of your own creation or one of your favorite cartoon characters you see in comic books and television.  We will first draw and outline our characters with pencil and markers and paint our drawing with gouache paint. *You may also bring a picture of your favorite animation character to use for reference. 

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Discussion Questions

  1. What are some of your favorite animated cartoons on television? Why is it fun to watch?
  2. How do you feel when you see your favorite cartoon show?
  3. Name some of your favorite cartoon characters? Why do you like them?

Painting Rocks

This week we will be painting rocks. (It's a lot more interesting than it sounds.) This activity requires you to get creative and turn rocks into works of art. Take some time to think about some ideas before painting your rocks. 

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What you need:

  • rocks
  • gesso primer
  • acrylic paint
  • paintbrushes
  • deco pens
  • metallic markers 
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Drawing: Understanding Light and Shadow

Description

This lesson will help you gain an understanding of light and shadow by closely observing and drawing basic shapes under various lighting conditions. 

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Materials

  • pencil & eraser
  • sketchpad
  • still life setup 
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Process

  1. We will review some terms related to light and shadow.
  2. I will give you a technical explanation on how light and shadow works.  
  3. After that,  I will demonstrate how light and shadow actually functions in reality by using a spot light and some basic shapes.  
  4. Later we will observe and draw several shapes under several different lighting conditions. The subject matter includes a sphere, cylinder, cube and a 3D hexagon.
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That's me drawing some three-dimensional shapes.

Terminology

  • center light - the exact point where light hits an object, perpendicular to it's surface
  • highlight - the part of an object that is hit with light, not quite perpendicularly
  • halftone - the part of an object that is exposed to a light source but even less directly
  • terminator - the dividing line between the light and dark part of a spherical object
  • core of shadow - the part of an object that is not in contact with direct light
  • reflected light - light that is bounced off of objects and reflects onto other objects
  • occlusion shadow -  the part of the shadow that is almost completely blocked from light
  • cast shadow - dark area, usually on a flat plane, where light from a light source is blocked by an object
  • light source - things or devices that produces natural and artificial light
  • composition - the placement or arrangement of visual elements in a work of art

Draw in Two-Point Perspective

Summary

Have you ever wanted to draw a realistic looking mechanical object such as a car, airplane or house? Learn how to draw these things accurately using a two-point perspective drawing system. A two-point perspective drawing has 2 vanishing point on a horizon line. 

Terminology

  • horizon line
  • vanishing point
  • eye level
  • guideline
  • cube
  • cylinder
  • sphere
  • ellipse
  • vertical line and horizontal line

What you need

  • Sketchpad
  • pencil
  • eraser

    Watch the VIDEO on Two-Point Perspective Drawing

    What you do

    1. Review some basic terms for perspective drawing: horizon line, vanishing point, guideline, cube, cylinder, sphere, ellipse, vertical and horizontal.
    2. Draw a three-dimensional cube in two-point perspective. Draw the same cube near, far and floating.  
    3. After drawing the cubes, draw other basic forms in perspective such as cylinders and spheres. 
    4. Select a simple object (like a phone or pencil sharpener) to draw in two point perspective.  
    5. Sketch the construction lines lightly and darken the details later. Cleanup any unwanted lines with an eraser.
    6. If you feel confident enough, try applying what you have learned to drawing more complex objects such as a car, boat, train, airplane, building, chair, cup or a room.

    Drawing and Painting Flowers

    This week, we will be drawing and painting flowers. We will first sketch our flowers in pencil, indicating the outline, highlights and shadows. Once the drawing is finished, we will paint our flowers with acrylic or gouche paint. 

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    Flower Names: daffodils, sunflower, dandelion, rose, morning glory, tulip, bell flower, camellia, rose of Sharon, gunzan, hanabusaya, lotus

    *Painting Tips

    • Observe your subject closely to include any hint of colours you can find, no matter how small. The more colours you can can notice and paint, the more interesting the painting will appear.
    • When painting, start with the warmer and lighter colours first. This will make it easier to paint over and correct them with cooler and darker tones. 

    Drawing Children

    In this lesson we will be drawing children. We will draw girls and boys wearing different types of clothing. Art often depicts people in various situations, so it is important to be able to draw the figure well. The students will first get a demonstration and review some basic human anatomy before drawing their figures. 

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    Body Parts

    Head: hair, eyes, nose, mouth, teeth, ears, cheeks, chin

    Torso: neck, chest, stomach, hip

    Arm: shoulder, elbow, wrist, hand, fingers

    Leg: knee, ankle, foot, toes

    Drawing & Painting Objects in Two-Point Perspective

    Summary

    This week, we will learn how to draw and colour objects in two-point perspective. We will conceptualize and draw our own car designs in two-point perspective. The process of drawing a car always starts off with drawing a cube like structure. Parts of the car such as wheels, windows and mirrors are added later to the cube. 

    Cars come in a variety of shapes, sizes and colours. It is as much of a fashion statement as it is a means of transportation for people. An essential factor for learning how to draw cars is practice, it is also important to study other car designs and it's mechanics. 

    What you need

    • paper
    • pencil 
    • eraser
    • black permanent markers
    • Pencil crayons
    • professional markers
    • picture references of cars

     

    What you do

    1. Start by drawing a horizon line across the middle of the page and mark 2 vanishing point on both ends.

    2. Draw a rectangular cube in two-point perspective. This cuboid will indicate the height and width that your car will be encased in. 

    3. Draw the silhouette of your car on both of the long sides of the cuboid.  Mark the points where you will be adding mirrors, headlights and other auto components.  Remember to use your vanishing points to find the correct placements in your drawing.

    4. Draw in all the parts of your car and refine your drawing until it is complete.

    5. Draw another car - be more adventurous in your design.  

    Terms

    • perspective - drawing objects to give a realistic impression of their height, width, depth, and position
    • vanishing point  /  VP  -the point at which parallel lines viewed in perspective appear to converge
    • horizon line / eye level - where sky separates from land or water. It is the actual height of the viewer's eyes
    • guideline - a light guideline that helps an artist construct a drawing
    • ellipse - a line drawing of an oval
    • cuboid - a cube like structure
    • silhouette - a dark outline of someone or something visible against a lighter background

    Introduction to Colored Pencils

    Coloured pencils are pencils that have a core of colour pigment in it. It's firm and thin characteristics enables artists to create highly detailed artwork. In this lesson, we are going to learn how to apply a layering technique to produce realistic drawings. 

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    What you do

    1. Monochromatic Study: This is first step that you do before applying colours. This is to help you construct your drawing and determine the lighting of your subject. Some common colours that you can use are black, indigo blue or dark brown. 
    2. Layering: Once the tones are established, layer colours over the monochromatic study. Start with lighter colours first and progress to the darker colours.  
    3. Accents and Details: Add any hint of colour that you may see. Keep on layering colours over the subject until the colours are rich and vibrant. 
    4. Critiquing: Take a short break and view your drawing with fresh eyes. This will help you better see any areas that need improvement. 

    Materials: pencil crayons, sketchpad

     Process of Red Bell Pepper *Note: You don’t need many colours to make a painting. I believe 12 is sufficient. If you need a specific colour, mix it. After all, a combination of three primary colours make all the colours in a colour wheel. 

    Process of Red Bell Pepper *Note: You don’t need many colours to make a painting. I believe 12 is sufficient. If you need a specific colour, mix it. After all, a combination of three primary colours make all the colours in a colour wheel. 

    Painting Animals

    Summary

    In this lesson we will be painting animals. We will follow a step by step process of drawing and painting our subject matter. We will use a transparent layer painting technique. 

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    Materials

    paint

    brushes

    pencil and eraser

    sketchbook

    reference materials

     

    What you do

    1. Choose an animal or insect as a subject.
    2. Sketch and shade in the tones of your subject. 
    3. Start painting the lightest colours first and progress to darker colours.  
    4. Add details, shadows and highlights to your painting until you are satisfied with final result.

     

     

     

    Tonal Painting Study

    In this lesson we will be making a tonal study of an object and painting over it with transparent layers of colors. We will start with something simple such as a fruit or vegetable and move on to more complex objects.

    Tonal Study.jpg

    What you do

    Artists frequently use a monochromatic tonal study in their paintings. Once tones are established, colors are easily applied using the tonal study as a guide. 

    1. Pencil: Make an outline drawing of your subject and indicate where the shadows are.
    2. Tonal Painting: Paint in tones using a brush and black paint. Start with the lightest tones first and progress to darker tones. *Practice blending and fading in the paint.
    3. Transparent Colours: Add thin layers of colour over your painting. 
    4. Opaque Colours: Add the finishing touches with opaque colours. 
    5. Critiquing: Take a break and view your painting with fresh eyes. This will help you better see areas that needs improvement. 
     Apple tonal study and painting

    Apple tonal study and painting

    Materials

    • acrylic paint
    • brushes
    • sketchbook
    • subject matter

    Feelings and Emotions

    In this lesson we will be exploring different feelings and emotions and how to express them in our artwork. We will discuss what colours can express which emotions best and . We will also learn to draw different facial expressions. Understanding how to communicate and express human emotions is an fundamental component in visual art.

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    What you do

    1. How do you feel right now? Name some different feeling and emotions that we feel. 
    2. Draw a 16 square grid. Inside each individual square draw and label a head expressing a different emotion. 
    3. Outline and colour in your drawing. Choose appropriate colours that expresses each emotion. 
    4. In the center of the grid, draw yourself expressing how you feel at this moment. 
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    List of Feelings and Emotions

    • happiness
    • sadness
    • anger
    • love
    • exhaustion
    • illness
    • boredom
    • confusion
    • pride
    • shame
    • fear
    • surprise
    • shock
    • pain
    • pleasure
    • stress
    • excitement
    • disgust

    Monochromatic Painting Study

    In this lesson we will be doing a monochromatic painting exercise. This activity helps you learn how to paint. We will start off with basic shapes and then move on to more complex objects.  

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    What you do

    A monochromatic study is a common first step that many artists use before applying colours. Once the tones are established, you can easily apply colours over the artwork using the tonal underpainting as a guide. 

    1. Outline: Make an outline drawing of your subject. 
    2. Tonal Painting: Shade in the tones with a brush and black paint. Start with the lightest tones first and progress to darker tones. *Practice blending and fading paint.
    3. Details: Add smaller highlights and shadows to the painting.
    4. Critiquing: Take a short break and view your painting with fresh eyes. This will help you better see any areas that need improvement. 

    Materials: pencil, black acrylic paint, small and big brush, water bucket

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