Drawing with pen and ink

Ink is used in many different types of artwork from calligraphy to tattoos. It is often used in illustrations for advertisements, editorial cartoons, or comics for its favorable reproductive qualities on printed paper. 

Materials paper, black markers, pencil

Materials paper, black markers, pencil

In this lesson we will learn to ink simple line drawings of objects with pen and ink following a step-by-step drawing process.   

  1. First we will practice rendering various textures using a thin black pen. 
  2. Later we will choose an activity sheet and follow the step-by-step instructions to draw an object.  
  3. Once you have finished the activity sheet, we will move on to inking an actual physical object from observation. 

Sculpting Miniature Worlds

Students will build miniature worlds with oil clay. Oil clay is a sculpting material that has a similar consistency to natural soil clay. They will choose a theme and build a three dimensional miniature world about it by sculpting miniatures and environments that correlate with their themes.  

Themes for your miniatures

  • dinosaurs
  • sea life
  • soldiers
  • wild animals
  • furniture
  • plants
  • sports
  • farm

What you do

  1. First choose a theme for you miniature world and brainstorm the things that you want to include in it. 
  2. Mould several items that fit with your theme. For example, cows and chickens for a farm theme. 
  3. After you have completed sculpting  a few miniatures, sculpt a background that correlates with your theme.  
  4. Make a narrative for your miniature worlds and have fun!

Dino Zoo by Aara Lee


  • Sculpting Clay
  • Sculpting Tools

Human Anatomy Study: Skeleton

In this lesson, we will study about the human skeletal system. The human skeleton is the internal framework of the body. It is composed of around 260 bones and is situated beneath skin and muscles. Its contours are visible in some areas of the body such as the joints and ribs. The human skeleton aides the body in support, movement and protection. There are subtle differences between sexes. In general, the female skeleton tends to be smaller and less robust than the male. Understanding the human skeletal system will enable you to draw the human figure more convincingly. 

*This will be the first of a three part human anatomy project that will be followed by muscles and then skin.

Human Skeleton: front, side and back views.

Human Skeleton: front, side and back views.

What you do

  1. First draw a silhouette of the human body in your sketchbook.
  2. Next, place a vellum overlay over your paper and pencil in the skeleton within the silhouette.
  3. Take note of the parts of the bones that protrudes near the surface of the skin. 
  4. Once the skeleton is drawn, ink the outline of your skeleton. 


  • Sketchbook
  • Vellim Paper
  • Pencils and ink pens


Introduction to Scratch Paper

Scratch paper is colourful paper that has been coated with a layer of black ink that, when scratched, exposes a colourful surface beneath. It can be used to produce highly detailed artwork.  It is similar to printmaking in that it requires you to imagine your drawing from a negative black to white, rather than white to black - that is where the challenge comes from.  Normally we make dark marks on a light surface when we draw, however it is the opposite with scratch paper. The artist must scratch away at areas that will represent the highlights and leave the areas that are suppose to be a dark.


  • scratch paper
  • scratching tool
  • sketch paper
  • pencil
Scratch Paper.jpg

Part 1 - Textures and Designs

  1. Practice removing the ink from the surfaces using a scratch tool. 
  2. Next practice drawing patterns such as hatching, crosshatching and stippling. 
  3. Draw your own scratch designs with themes such as flowers, heart, star, leaf or different season.


Part 2 - Draw an Animal with Scratch Paper

  1. In the next part of the lesson, we will draw animals.
  2. Select animal that you want to draw from various books in the studio and practice drawing them in your sketchbook. 
  3. Start by drawing the outline of your animal on a piece of scratch paper. 
  4. Next add finer details such as eyes, fur or feathers. 
Student Examples

Student Examples

Design a Map

In this lesson we are going to design a map. It can be of our neighborhoods, zoo, dinosaurs, farm, amusement park, a treasure map or something completely out of your imagination. This activity will help children understand how to read and design a map, teaching them how to navigate a three-dimensional space in relation to a two-dimensional image.


  • neighborhood
  • zoo
  • dinosaur
  • farm
  • amusement park
  • treasure map
  • world

What you do

  1. First decide on a theme you would like to make your map on. 
  2. Sketch a rough layout of your map. Write a list of what you want to include on your map such as roads, buildings, houses, landmarks and other places.
  3. Include cardinal direction points (north, South, East, West) to your map. 
  4. Next work on a large final version of your map.

Drawing with colour Pens - Nature

Learn to make cute simple drawing with colour pens. This drawing technique requires you to use simple lines and patterns rather than filling in entire areas with solid blocks of colours. This particular technique is by Japanese illustrator that goes by the pen name "Kamo". It is an attractive and economical way of drawing with colour pens. 

Colour Pens 10.jpg

What you need

Colour Pens

Pencil Crayons



What you do

  1. First we will practice drawing some fruits and vegetables by following the step by step instructions on a worksheet.
  2. Once your are comfortable with the technique, practice drawing different animal and insects following a step by step instructions. 
  3. Next try drawing some of your own animals and insects using the same technique.
  4. Create a full page illustration combining the different plants, insects and animals you have drawn. Be imaginative with your ideas. 
  5. Write and Illustrate a comicstrip or a booklet using the drawing techniques you have  practiced.  You may also combine pencil crayons with you pen drawings. 
Colour Pens 1.jpg
Colour Pens 9.jpg

Drawing the Human Figure in Action

In this lesson we will be drawing the human figure in action. We will draw male and female figure in different poses with references and from our imagination. We will also use an easel and draw an actual model (me). This activity requires you to have some basic knowledge and understanding of the human anatomy. 


  • gesture
  • balance
  • center of gravity
  • motion
  • contour
  • pose
  • muscels
  • skeleton
  • ribcage
Source "The Figure" by Walt Reed

Source "The Figure" by Walt Reed

Steps in Drawing the Human Figure

  1. Gesture This is a quick sketch of the body that captures the pose, movement and energy of the figure. Draw the figure loosely and quickly. The details and accuracy are not important at this stage. Consider the centre of gravity of your figure.
  2. Outline When the gesture has been sketched, you can start drawing the basic outline of the figure itself by building mass over it with basic shapes.
  3. Contours Look closely at details. Adjust the contours as they are related to the underlying muscles and bones.  
  4. Shading As the figure is completed, work out areas of light and shadow which will be determined by the light source.  




Drawing the head & Self-Portrait Drawing


The head is perhaps the most expressive part of the human body. It can also be the most challenging to draw. The head  communicates a lot of emotion and information so an artist must be able to draw it accurately. In this lesson we will study how to draw the human head and later on we will draw a self-portrait on toned paper. 


  • 4B Pencil and Eraser
  • White pencil crayons
  • Kraft paper
  • Reference picture

Anatomy of the Face

nose, mouth, cheek, eyes, eyebrow, jaw, ears, forehead, neck  

Step 1- Studying and Drawing the Head

First we will study the structure of the head. We will be drawing the head from various different angles.  

  • The shape of the head is like an upside down egg. It is narrower at the bottom than at the top.
  • The head rests on neck, which is a short cylinder.
  • The eyes are located at the center of the head. 
  • The base of the nose is located halfway from the eyes to the base of the chin.  
  • The mouth is situated about 1/3 between the nose to the base of the chin.
  • The eyebrows are located just above the eyes.
  • The length of the ears line up with the eyebrows and the base of the nose.
  • The jaw angles down from the ears. 
Drawing the head from the book The Figure by Walt Reed

Drawing the head from the book The Figure by Walt Reed

Step 2 - Draw a Self-Portrait

We will draw a self-portrait on toned paper in our sketchbooks. This method requires you to use a range of light to dark tones in your drawings. Remember that the colour of your paper is also a tonal value in your drawing.

  1. Sketch a rough drawing of your face onto toned paper with a 4B pencil. Think about the structure of your head which we learned about.
  2. Consider the light source when shading in the shadows with black pencil crayon.
  3. Take your time to include all the subtle details. 
  4. Add highlights with a white pencil crayon. 
Portrait drawing on kraft paper by Richard Lee

Portrait drawing on kraft paper by Richard Lee

Character Design 2D & 3D

This week, we will be creating our own characters by conceptualizing, designing and sculpting a three-dimensional model of it. This character creation process is commonly used by film and animation studios. The video game industry also heavily relies on character creation.    

Part One - Character Design

Although many cartoon characters familiar to us on television, films, video games and advertising appear to be simple, they took many hours to develop.

Discussion Questions

  1. What is your favorite animated cartoon on television?
  2. Why do you like watching it? How does it make you feel?
  3. Name a cartoon character you like? Why do you like her/him?
  4. What colour is the character? What does the character look like?
"Anna" character design for a comic book created by Richard Lee

"Anna" character design for a comic book created by Richard Lee

What you need

  • pencil and eraser, sketch pad
  • Black markers & Crayons  


  1. First make 3 rough sketches of different character concepts. Don't think too much and just draw, this step is meant to help get your ideas flowing. 
  2. Choose one of the characters and give her/him a name. Write about the character's personal characteristics such as age, likes, dislikes and personality.
  3. Draw the front, side and back view of the character. Make sure their pose, face expression and clothing reflects their personality.
  4. Ink your pencil lines with a black permanent marker. Erase any unwanted pencil lines.  
  5. Add color to your characters with crayons.  

Part Two - Sculpting a 3D Model

In the second part of the character design lesson we will build a 3D model of the characters we have drawn. We will use our character designs for reference. 

"Anna" 3D Model

"Anna" 3D Model

What you need

  • colour clay
  • sculpting tools
  • character design drawings


  1. Prepare the colours you will need for your character.
  2. Start by sculpting the head first, followed by the torso and limbs. Refine and add details such as fingers onto each part using various sculpting tools. 
  3. Use the ball ended sculpting tool to mould sockets into the torso where you will attach the head and limbs.  
  4. Assemble all the parts together and touchup your sculpture.   
Student Work by Atom 준홍 & Kevin 김동환

Student Work by Atom 준홍 & Kevin 김동환

Environment: Pollution Cause And Effect Booklet

In this activity we will learn how to make a booklet that illustrates the causes and effects of pollution on our environment. This lesson helps students learn about sequential art - such as comic books, storybooks and storyboards.  

What you need

  • Pencil and Eraser
  • A3 paper
  • pencil crayons
  • markers
  • pens


  1. What does cause and effect mean? Give some examples of cause and effect? 
  2. What are some causes of pollution in our environment? 
  3. What are some of the harmful effects of pollution?

An example of a students cause and effect booklet.

What you do

  1.  Fold a sheet of A3 paper into 1/8.  Cut the centre of it to make a foldable book.
  2. The title of the book will be Pollution: Cause and Effect
  3. Sketch a rough outline of the story onto each page. Plan the layout of text and artwork. 
  4. Next, illustrate your stories in detail with a  pencil. Clearly communicate the cause and effect of pollution on our environment.
  5. Ink and colour your illustrations with markers, pens, or pencil crayons.

Line Drawing - Organic Subjects

Line is the most basic element in art. It is one-dimensional and can vary in width, direction, and length. Lines defines the edges of a form and communicate the intricate details of it. Line can also reveal an artist’s character in a similar way that handwriting does.

In this lesson we will learn to selectively vary line weight to indicate the shape, mass and form of a subject in our drawing. We will use organic subjects such as plants, rocks, flowers and other naturally occurring objects. This exercise requires you to look intently at your subject and draw it's outer contours, convincingly. The key is to make your lines look natural by not trying to control it too much. 

What you need

  • 4B Pencil & Eraser
  • A3 White Paper
  • Drawing Easel 
  • Organic Subject Matter

What you do

  1. First choose a subject and consider the composition and placement of it in your drawing. 
  2. Lightly draw you subject matter with a 4B pencil. *Lighter lines are easier to correct.
  3. Now look intently at your subject and draw the outer contours of it. Draw the lines slowly to capture all it's subtle details. Do not worry too much about accuracy.
  4. Vary the line weight of your drawings by changing the pressure and angle of your pencil. Lighter and thinner lines will indicate parts that are a farther distance and getting exposed to more light. Darker and thicker lines are drawn on the sides where shadows are cast and will indicate a nearer distance.  
  5. The key is to make your lines look natural. Loosen the grip on your pencil so that your lines don't look stiff.
Ink Plants.jpg

Drawing an Animal on Coloured Paper

In this lesson we will draw animals on coloured paper. This exercise requires you to draw shadows with a dark drawing medium and make highlights with a light one. Adding white has an effect of making your drawings appear as if it were popping off of the paper. Choosing a suitable colour paper for you subject can enhance the mood of your drawing.



Coloured paper

4B Pencil and Eraser

black and white pencil crayons

black markers

White Paint and Brush

Reference picture

Colour can express and communicate many different things: emotion, danger, environment, seasons, personality, temperature and mood. Careful thought should  be put in selecting the right colours for your artwork.  

What you do

  1. Choose an animal you want to draw and a paper colour that best suits your animal. The colour you select should enhance the mood of your subject matter.
  2. Lightly sketch your animal onto your coloured paper with a pencil.  
  3. Add blacks to your drawing with black pencil crayon or markers.  
  4. Add highlights with a white pencil.
  5. Put the finishing touches on your drawing with white paint. 

Drawing a Crocodile on Coloured Paper by Richard Lee

Drawing Cities in One-Point Perspective

In this lesson, we will draw cities in perspective. This involves drawing streets, buildings and other architectural elements. We will be using a one-point and two-point perspective drawing system to create our cityscapes. 

What you need

  • paper
  • pencil
  • eraser

What you do

  1. Horizon Line Draw a horizon line across the page and mark a vanishing point. 

  2. Streets Draw a street, converging towards the vanishing point on the horizon line. The street will indicate where the buildings are going to be.  

  3. Building Frame Outline buildings frames along the street. Use the vanishing point as a guide when sketching buildings. Not all buildings are a like, feel free design your own. 

  4. Windows, Cars, People Now mark the vertical distance of the windows on your building. Extend the marks towards the vanishing point. Add other elements such as cars, streetlights and people. 

  5. City Infrastructure Indicate government buildings such as: schools, police stations, fire stations, post offices, libraries and hospitals. You may also include businesses like: pharmacies, supermarkets, convenience stores, stationary stores, coffeeshops. Other elements you can include are: rivers, bridges, traffic lights, road lamps, etc.   

Perspective Terminology

  • vanishing point - VP 
  • horizon line - eye level
  • guideline
  • vertical line and horizontal line
A drawing of a city in one-point  perspective.

A drawing of a city in one-point  perspective.

Wash Painting - Skies

In this lesson, we paint skies using a wash painting technique. This exercise teaches you how to create the illusion of depth and distance by painting a sky and a silhouetted landscape. 

What you need

  • gouache paint
  • Paint brushes, bucket, and water
  • Painting board


Wash Painting.jpg

Step 1 - Sky Gradient

  1. Think about the different colours you've seen the sky turn into.  What kind of mood do you feel from it? 
  2. Select a single colour for your sky and paint a gradient with the most concentrated colour at the top, fading it down into white at the bottom. *Make sure your painting board is on a 30-degree angle so that the paint travels down the paper. 
  3. Paint another sky gradient, this time fading it into another colour. ie. Purple into orange or red into blue. 
  4. Make up to 4 wash paintings.  


Step 2 - Landscapes Silhouette

  1. Think about some different themes you can paint.  Some examples you can use include: forests, cities, jungles, deserts, mountains, halloween, birds, spring, summer, fall winter, wildlife or dinosaurs. 
  2. Once your sky paintings have dried, paint a landscape with black paint using one of the themes.
  3. Paint all 4 of your sky gradients, using a different theme for each painting. 

Halloween: Designing and Constructing a Mask

In this lesson, we will design and construct our own Halloween masks. Masks are surprisingly difficult to make. This activity will stretch your problem solving skills. Get ready for a fun and rewarding challenge!

What you need

  • sketchbook, pencil, eraser
  • construction paper
  • markers, crayons
  • scissors, knife
  • glue gun, glue stick
  • cutting mat

What you do

  1. First, decide on what kind of mask you want to make from some themes: Animals, Halloween or Superhero
  2. Sketch several quick concepts of your mask design and colour it.
  3. Once you have chosen your design, draw it in actual size using a mask template which I will provide for you. 
  4. Draw and cutout different parts of your mask with coloured construction paper.  
  5. Glue the pieces together.
  6. Add small details with permanent markers.  

Mask Themes 

  • Animal theme: Lion, Tiger, Bear, Zebra, Rhino, Dinosaur. 
  • Halloween theme: Vampire, Mummy, Bat, Frankenstein, Ferry. 
  • Superhero theme: Spider-Man, Hulk, Iron-Man, Batman, Captain America. etc.

Environment: Save Energy

This week we will design posters on how to save energy. This lesson is an exercise on how to plan and illustrate your ideas. It can simply be titled Save Energy or you can give it your own interesting name. Your ideas can be as imaginative as you want, as long as it communicates the message to save energy. 

*A poster is a large printed picture, notice, or advertisement displayed in a public place. 

Saving Energy.jpg

large sketchpad

pencils, eraser and permanent markers

pastel, markers or crayons

Brainstorming Questions

  1. Name some common household appliances that consume energy? air conditioner, lights, washing machine
  2. What are some different ways you can save energy? turn-off the lights, don’t drive / ride a bike, don’t use air-conditioner / open the window
  3. What is green energy? Name some green energy technologies?  windmill, solar panels
  4. How can saving energy improve our environment? 

What you do

  1. Design 2-4 thumbnail sketches of your poster. Be creative and original with your concept.
  2. Choose the idea you like most and work on it some more. Include words and phrases to communicate your message. Roughly colour in your sketches with markers and pencil crayons.
  3. Transfer you idea onto a large sheet of paper. 
  4. Outline your pencil lines with a black permanent marker. 
  5. Colour your final artwork with pastels, crayons or paint.  

Sculpting and Painting

In this lesson we will be sculpting and painting. This is two part lesson. In the first class we will sketch and sculpt our ideas and in the second class, we will paint our sculptures.



Paper clay 

chiseling tools 

acrylic paint


water containers

some old newspapers

paper cups and paper towels

Part 1

  1. Think about what you would like to sculpt. It can be can be an animal, car, bug, airplane or something from your imagination. 
  2. Make some rough sketches of your idea and colour your drawings. 
  3. Take some paper clay and get familiar with it by sculpting some basic three-dimensional shapes such as a sphere, cube, cylinder and cone. Try attaching the shapes together using sculpting tools and water. 
  4. Sculpt your ideas!

Part 2  

  1. Select and mix the colours that you will need to paint your sculpture. *Refer back to the colour theory lesson to mix the correct colours. 
  2. Start painting your sculpture. Paint the lighter colours first and darker colours last.   
  3. Use a small brush for detail work and and for any area that needs touching up.  

Dog Sculpture by Jon  차승환

Introduction to Acrylic Paint


Acrylic paint is a fast-drying paint that becomes water-resistant when dry. It is the latest and most versatile painting medium for artists. The paint can be diluted with water, or modified with acrylic mediums to resemble watercolor, oil painting, or to have its own unique characteristics. It can be applied onto many different types of surfaces including paper, canvases, ceramics or plastic.  



acrylic paint

painting tray 


pencil and eraser


reference materials


What you do

In this lesson we will be painting animals or insects as our subject matter. We will use various books for reference. We will apply a layer painting technique for this project. 

  1. Choose an animal or insect you would like as a subject.
  2. Sketch an outline of it onto paper.
  3. Select the colours that you will need. Add a drop of water to the paint to slow the drying time.  
  4. Start painting the dominate colour of your subject.  
  5. Add other colours and paint in shadows and highlights.  
  6. Refine your painting until you are satisfied with final result.